Travel To Mongolia: The Ultimate Guide

A travel blog with lots of helpful information and tips to plan the perfect trip.

What is Mongolia?

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east, and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population.

Mongolia’s area is roughly equivalent to the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, which is sometimes used to refer to the current state.

It is also roughly equivalent to the territory of Greater Khingan, a Mongolic-speaking region formerly part of Manchuria.

The history of what is now Mongolia can be traced back to the Stone Age. Neolithic hunter-gatherers first inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period,

eventually giving rise to a series of Bronze Age cultures characterized by their own distinctive styles of art and technology.

The Mongol Empire was founded in 1206 and reached its greatest extent under Genghis Khan in 1227. From 1271-1368 it was part of the Yuan Dynasty before falling apart into four khanates or empires each ruled by a different branch of Genghis’s descendants.

These were later reunified as the Northern Yuan dynasty (1368–1634). In 1691 Inner Mongolia came under Qing Dynasty rule while Outer Mongolia remained independent.

Since 1911 both Inner and Outer have been ruled by successive Communist states:

from 1924 onwards as Soviet satellite states until 1991 when communism collapsed across Eastern Europe;

thereafter as newly independent post-Soviet states following the 1991 Mongolian Revolution.

Mongolia’s History

Mongolia’s history is a long and fascinating one. From its early beginnings as a nomadic civilization to its more recent years as a communist state, Mongolia has always been a land of mystery and intrigue.

The Mongolian people have always been nomadic people, moving from place to place in search of new pastures for their animals.

This way of life has shaped the Mongolian character, making them hard and independent people.

In 1206, Genghis Khan united the various Mongol tribes under his rule and began building an empire that would eventually stretch from China to Europe.

Under Genghis Khan and his successors, the Mongol Empire was at its height, ruling over a vast territory and influencing the world in many ways. In the 13th century, Marco Polo visited Mongolia and wrote about it in his famous book, The Travels of Marco Polo.

His description of the land and its people helped to fuel Europeans’ imaginations about this far-off place.

In the 14th century, the Mongols began to lose control of their empire as it was divided up among different rulers. By the early 20th century, Mongolia had become part of the Chinese Empire.

In 1911, however, Mongolia declared its independence from China.

This was short-lived, as Russia soon annexed Mongolia into its own empire. For much of the 20th century, Mongolia was under Soviet rule. In 1990, with the

Getting There

In order to get to Mongolia, you will need to fly into the capital city of Ulaanbaatar.

The main airport in Ulaanbaatar is the Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN), which is located about 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the city center.

There are a number of airlines that offer flights to ULN, including Aeroflot, Korean Air, Turkish Airlines, and Asiana Airlines.

Once you have arrived at the airport, you will need to take a taxi or bus to the city center.

Taxis are readily available outside of the arrivals terminal and should cost around 10,000-15,000 MNT ($4-$6 USD). Alternatively, there are also buses that run between the airport and the city center; however,

these can be difficult to find if you don’t know where to look. Once you’re in the city center, getting around is relatively easy as most places are within walking distance.

If you need to take a taxi somewhere, make sure to agree on a price before getting in as they do not use meters.


Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its culture has been heavily influenced by the Mongol nomadic way of life. Mongolia is known for its traditional music, dance, and cuisine. The Mongolian diet consists mostly of meat and dairy products.

The most common meats are beef, lamb, and horse. Dairy products include milk, cheese, and yogurt.

The national dish of Mongolia is called pokhlava, which is a rice dish with meat and vegetables. Mongolians love to sing and dance.

The most popular type of music is throat singing, which is a form of vocal music that uses two or more notes at the same time.

Mongolian dance often involves acrobatic feats and horseback riding. Mongolia has a rich cultural heritage that includes many different religions and beliefs.

The most prevalent religion is Buddhism, followed by Islam and Shamanism.

Cost of Living

Mongolia is a relatively affordable country to travel to. The cost of living will depend on your lifestyle and where you choose to live in the country.

If you are looking to live cheaply, you can expect to pay around $500 per month for rent, food, and transportation.

This could be higher or lower depending on your lifestyle. If you want to live a more comfortable life,

your costs will be around $1,000-$1,500 per month. Overall, the cost of living in Mongolia is lower than in many Western countries.

You can stretch your dollar further here and have access to more unique experiences.

Places to Visit

There are many places to visit in Mongolia, from the bustling capital city of Ulaanbaatar to the stunning natural landscapes of the countryside. Here are some of the most popular places to visit in Mongolia: -Ulaanbaatar:

The capital city of Mongolia is a great place to start your Mongolian adventure.

There is plenty to see and do in Ulaanbaatar, from exploring the city’s museums and historical sites to shopping for traditional Mongolian souvenirs. -Gobi Desert:

A visit to Mongolia would not be complete without spending some time in the Gobi Desert.

This vast and empty landscape is home to some amazing wildlife, including Bactrian camels and argali sheep. -Erdenet: Erdenet is Mongolia’s

second-largest city and is a great place to experience traditional Mongolian culture.

Be sure to visit Erdenet’s Buddhist temples and monasteries, as well as its marketplaces where you can purchase everything from handmade carpets to cashmere sweaters.

-Khovsgol Lake: Khovsgol Lake is one of Mongolia’s most beautiful natural attractions.

This large freshwater lake is surrounded by mountains and forests and is a popular spot for hiking, camping, and fishing.


Mongolia is a fascinating country with a rich history and culture. If you are thinking about traveling to Mongolia,

I hope this guide has given you some useful information to help you plan your trip. From the best time to visit what kind of clothing to pack,

I’ve tried to cover all the bases so that you can have the most enjoyable and memorable experience possible.

So what are you waiting for? Start planning your travel to Mongolia from us today!