Best 15-Step Guide to Boost Sugarcane Farming

The perennial grass known as sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is a member of the Poaceae family.  The yield of sugarcane is highly responsive to soil conditions, temperature, and sun radiation. However, in an open area, radiation and temperature are uncontrollable by humans. Drip irrigation is, therefore, very important. It prolongs the life of the plant and regulates every drop of water that is sent towards the crop at the appropriate time, producing high-quality output with a high sucrose content. Let’s examine the top 24 strategies for improving sugarcane farming with a Preet Tractor.

Growers of sugarcane are constantly seeking greater yields, more earnings, increased sucrose content, longer shelf life, and reduced operating expenses. Sugarcane growers adapt their crops to drip irrigation since it is a solution. Cuttings from mature plants, known as “sets”, are the primary method used to propagate this commercial crop with a second hand tractor. Select a typical, high-yielding, disease-free climate for sugarcane growing to get optimal yields. To increase sugarcane yield, simply adhere to these guidelines.

Top 24 steps to boost Sugarcane yield

Step 1: Soil management for crop yield

Numerous soil types, such as loam, clayey loam, black cotton soil, brown or reddish loam, and even laterites, are suitable for the growth of sugarcane. Any kind of soil that holds moisture will do for sugarcane. However, the optimal clay for its growth is deep-filled. Any kind of soil that holds moisture will do for sugarcane. However, the optimal clay for its growth is deep-filled. For optimal sugarcane production, three nutrients are necessary: nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. As a result, good nutrition can enhance sugarcane yield, while knowing what the Powertrac Tractor Price is, which can help you increase your yield.

Step 2: Select high yield Sugarcane variety 

Sugarcane variety
Sugarcane variety
  • A high-yielding variety with a high sugar content, Co 0238 (Karan 4) is a hybrid of Co LK 8102 and Co 775.
  • Co-15023 is a kind of sugarcane with a high sugar content and yield. 
  • Co Pant 12221, Co Pant 12226 regular sugarcane, and Co Pant 13224 additional high-producing kinds. 
  • CoLk 94184 (Birendra) – This skin-ripening variety has a high yield and a unique mix of two qualities: mature skin and good rattan. Plant crops yield 75–80 tons per hectare, while rattan crops yield over 70 tons per hectare. 

The wonderful variety Co 86032, also known as Nayana, was created at the Sugar Cane Breeding Institute in Coimbatore and was suggested for the peninsula. It has quickly taken over more than 40% of the land in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka (80%). It has good ratooning capacity, a high sucrose mid-late type yield (120 tons per hectare), and a high production rate.

Step 3: Planting process to increase  Sugarcane production

Planting process to increase Sugarcane production
Planting process to increase Sugarcane production

The commercial productivity, yield, and viable population of sugarcane are unaffected by varying planting strategies. 

  • In moist weather, irrigate the furrows to create mud (heavy soil)  
  • Place the setts in between the furrows and adjust the length of the 12 buds per meter. 
  • Press the fertilizer and buds gently in the lateral position beneath the soil.
  • Keep the setts out of direct sunlight. 
  • To fill up the space left by the previous row, add extra setts next to the channel or double rows every tenth row. 
  • In dry, garden-type soil, the dry planting method can be used. 
  • Prior to watering, arrange the setts and cover the chairs with soil.

Step 4: Seed rate and spacing for improving yield

In paired-row planting, around 24,000 (2-budded setts) or 16,000 (3-budded setts) plants are needed per acre. Depending on the soil’s texture, sugarcane rows are spaced 90 to 120 cm apart.

Step 5: Essential nutrients cane growth

For optimal sugarcane production, three critical minerals are needed: nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Sugarcane productivity can be enhanced with optimal nutrition. Sustainably high yields require the use of appropriate manure.

Step 6: Nutrients to increase  Sugarcane production 

A specific function of the essential nutrients is to increase yields;

  • High yields are dependent on nitrogen, which also promotes crop development and growth, producing more essential crops. 
  • In order to maximize early yields, promote root growth, early shoot growth, cultivate, and lengthen internodes, phosphorus is necessary. 
  • Similar to nitrogen, potassium encourages robust sugarcane growth, extended internode growth, and abundant sugarcane growth and yield. 
  • For high yields, photosynthetic activity is increased by magnesium, sulfur, and iron while maintaining moderate growth. 

In order to preserve early crop structure and yield, calcium guarantees strong plants and guards against the creation of roots, leaves, and stalks. The lack of any micronutrients will also restrict the process of development and the output that follows. For instance, zinc and boron are important elements for the growth of strong roots and shoots in the sugarcane crop.

Step 7: Tips to ensure better plant growth & productivity

Sugarcane plants require nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, and silicon for proper nutrition. Your soil will determine the precise amount of these nutrients, but at least here is a place to start. The ideal pH range for the soil is 6.5 to 7.5 since a plant’s capacity to absorb nutrients will be impacted by its pH. The amount of water required for agriculture varies according on soil type, planting techniques, fertilizer, and sugarcane yield.

Step 8: Mulching to improve the crop yield

When mulching first begins, laying down paddy straw or distributing sugarcane debris around the field will lessen evaporation, increasing yield and lowering crop water requirements. 

Step 9: How to increase Sugarcane production

A farmer can take numerous measures to optimize the yield of sugarcane from an agricultural perspective. To do this, adequate crop nutrition is a prerequisite. The sugar content and quality of the harvested sugarcane crop will be enhanced by the nutrients that increase output to a significant degree. The best plant stand should be maintained, sowing should be done in a timely manner, row spacing and seed rate should be maximized, water management techniques should be developed, and weeds should be controlled.

Step 10: Tips to get a high yield of Sugarcane 

Only by adhering to every step of cultivation can farmers attain high yields of sugarcane. Climate, soil type, irrigation, fertiliser application, insect and disease control, and harvest season all affect sugarcane crops. Here are the main things to think about for a good yield:

  • Maintain crop rotation: Alfalfa is the ideal forerunner of sugarcane. Nonetheless, it is preferable to incorporate black fallow in the crop rotation if the crop field is weed-contaminated.
  • Technology for cultivating soil: Take note of the nutrients and moisture in the soil. Don’t forget to remove any weeds from the land and perform any essential cultivation before planting sugarcane. 
  • When choosing a planted variety, make sure to choose only those that yield well and are very resistant to pests and illnesses. 
  • Consider the environment, temperature, humidity, and soil surface of the area where you cultivate sugarcane when determining the depth and timing of seeding. 
  • Control of pests and diseases: To ensure prompt resolution of any issue, monitor plant health through growth, ensuring that yield is not harmed. 
  • Fertilization: To guarantee improved plant growth and productivity, provide the crop all the nutrients it needs at various stages of growth. 

Step 11: How to increase the quality of  Sugarcane 

To get the most profit, premium sugarcane crops must be grown. The sugar content and quality of the harvested sugarcane crop will both be enhanced by an abundance of nutrients that support the sugarcane’s quality. The sugarcane’s quality is greatly influenced by the growing season. 

When harvesting, plants need to be cared for to reduce the amount of these toxins. Furthermore, sugar will be lost if the harvest is not brought to the mill on time. Sugarcane quality can be impacted by proper crop nutrition. Micronutrient availability is also critical for maintaining the growth process, which promotes the production of high-grade sugar. 

Step 12: Crop management practices affecting  Sugarcane production 

Fertile soils with unlimited water supply generate high sugarcane yields, particularly in the early phases of cultivation. Sustaining the ideal pH balance of the soil guarantees easy access to nutrients and optimal development. Mechanical harvesting impacts the usage and recycling of nutrients, which in turn influences sugarcane production. For instance, in the development of green sugarcane, the nitrogen performance of fertilisers is greatly impacted, while other nutrients, like K, are recycled and reintegrated into the soil/plant system. 

Step 13: Intercropping increases Sugarcane production

Farmers benefited from intercropping sugarcane with short-term vegetable crops like cauliflower and cabbage. Furthermore, in well-irrigated locations, soybean or black gram row improves soil fertility and sugarcane yield.

Step 14: Intercultural operations necessary for crop yield

It is important to perform routine intercultural procedures to get rid of weeds and debris from the skins. When the sugarcane crop grows quickly in the first three to four months of growth, some soil is hilled up against crop rows. To avoid being overtaken by insects, old leaves are removed. Sugarcane plants are also tied to stop the growth of canes. 

Step 15: Drip irrigation helps to increase crop production

When used in conjunction with drip irrigation, sugarcane can produce more nutrients and water that reach the crop’s roots at the precise moment and in the necessary quantity. Water is used in subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) with the assistance of emitters on the drip line’s inner wall. 

Drip irrigation is defined as the gradual, repeating application of water through point or line source emitters at or below the soil surface at a low operating pressure and low emission rate, resulting in partial soil surface wetting. 

Conclusion

Stalk cuttings are used to plant commercial sugarcane, which is spaced five feet apart in skins. The ripe sugarcane is ready for harvesting after around a year. Each plant yields four crops on average for farmers. Farmers often harvest from a single plant for three to five years. After the rod is cut, the leaves and growth are removed by the rotating arms, which then feed the stalks through a cutter to reduce them to tiny bits.