A Comprehensive Guide about Meniscal Cyst

A lumpy material on the sides of the knee – both sides, either inside or outside- is usually referred to as a meniscal cyst. A meniscal cyst involves the collection of dense fluid coming from damage to the meniscal cartilage, which provides cushioning of the knee. 

How does a Meniscal Cyst Develop?  

Generally, a tear arises in the meniscal cartilage as a result of degeneration or a minute meniscus injury. Liquid is present in the knee joint and then moves out of the cut, developing a cyst. Hence, a meniscal cyst might also not be a proper cyst but an outgrowth of displaced knee liquid. Additionally, the cartilage breakage can produce a one-way opening, preventing the liquid from going back to the knee. The fluid then gathers as a cyst under the kneecap.

Sometimes, meniscal cysts develop in people with a record of knee concussions, cartilage breakage, twisting, or contact sports. Moreover, the development of arthritis leads to the growth of a cyst on either side of the knee.

What is the Difference between a Meniscal Cyst and a Baker’s Cyst?  

A Baker’s cyst shows a swelling below the knee due to an outgrowth of the capsule. Similar to a meniscal cyst, a Baker’s cyst can also develop from a meniscal breakage. However, they additionally develop from any knee issue that elevates knee joint liquid, like ligament breakage or arthritis. Generally, the variance between a Baker’s cyst and a meniscal cyst depends upon the lump’s presence and size.

Several reasons for a lump in the knee consist of Housemaid’s knee, tumors, and knee joint inflammation, such as lipoma. So, if the lump is increasing in size or is discomforting, you must consider a reference for further research, like an MRI or ultrasound.

Meniscal Cyst Treatment

Treatment shows meniscal tear remedies as meniscal cysts develop from a destructive torn meniscus. Usually, we suggest simple remedies such as inflammation-free tablets and physical exercises to build strength. In instances where the cyst leads to pain, a cortisone drug led by ultrasound into the cyst might help. We recommend surgery if the ache continues, irrespective of simple remedies, or if you observe mechanical symptoms like locking or moving away. The ideal news is that eliminating the cyst is generally not required. Simply eliminating the cut meniscus by arthroscopy is quite enough to block it from coming back.

As usual, injections block meniscal cysts from becoming large and painful. Under ultrasound guidelines, we cut the cyst using a needle. First, a numbing cream is applied to the skin above the cyst. Second, a needle is inserted into the middle of the cyst. The lump is then broken using more numbing liquid. Finally, we insert cortisone into the lump to decrease inflammation and avoid a recurrence.

What are the Symptoms of a Meniscal Cyst?

The experts at pain management in Dallas define the following symptoms

  • Ache, particularly when standing on the damaged leg, and sensitivity along the knee joint.
  • Hard bump at the location of the cyst, more usually over the lateral aspect of the knee
  • Cysts might appear more clearly as the knee is extended
  • Usually, a painless bump
  • Related non-specific results may conclude knee inflammation, joint line hardness over the impacted meniscus, “jamming” of the ligament, or joint injury.

How is a Meniscal Cyst Diagnosed?

Identification is usually easily apparent by accurately analyzing and palpating a differing mass over a soft medial or lateral joint area. Diagnosis is assured by MRI, which manifests both the cyst and the related meniscus tear. This disorder should not be mixed with a “Baker’s cyst,” meaning a collection of liquid that most usually accumulates on the medial side of the knee. As the knee develops inflammation for any cause, fluid can increase this space and develop a cyst.

The pain physicians in Dallas identify the following special tests

  • MRI can identify the diagnosis and show the size and area of the cyst
  • Ultrasound might additionally help to picture the cyst and show aspiration, in which a pin is inserted into the cyst to remove its contents

As meniscus cysts might not “heal,” they might develop to be asymptomatic with time, especially with activity changes. If the cyst develops as symptomatic, there is no chance one cannot take part in activities. If surgical procedures are performed to treat the meniscus and remove the cyst, the individual may be capable of returning to movement easily at 3 weeks after-operation.